What Causes Nausea During Pregnancy
WHAT CAUSES NAUSEA DURING PREGNANCY
Being pregnant is an amazing experience but when you feel nauseous it can be uncomfortable and frustrating and generally spoil the fun. Nausea during pregnancy is usually one of the most complained symptoms that women report. About 70% of pregnant women experience nausea at some point during the early part of their pregnancy. It is a symptom that is common during the first trimester and could even last longer and makes people think about what causes nausea during pregnancy.
While nausea also referred to as morning sickness gives a bad feeling it could be a sign of a healthy pregnancy. Soon after your fertilized egg gets attached to your uterine lining, you start to produce a hormone known as human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) which normally leads to nausea occurring. This could show you are experiencing the common rise in pregnancy hormones required for a healthy pregnancy.
Apart from signaling a healthy pregnancy, nausea during pregnancy could lead to the following:
- Urges you to eat foods that comprise nutrients like those rich in carbohydrate
- Helps to reduce the exposure of the fetus to substances in your diet that can be dangerous
Not experiencing nausea is not a bad sign either as some women do not experience it during pregnancy despite the large production of pregnancy hormones.
A lot of women wonder why feeling nauseated is referred to as morning sickness because the symptoms can occur at any time of the day. For some women they have it bad in the morning and the symptoms reduce as the day goes on while for some women they can experience the symptoms throughout the day which means the term morning sickness could be considered inaccurate. Also the effect of the symptoms also varies among women. Medically nausea and vomiting is known as morning sickness.
WHAT CAUSES NAUSEA DURING PREGNANCY
Why nausea occurs during pregnancy is not really clear but it is believed to be linked to a hormone produced known as the human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) which is also known as the pregnancy hormone. When eggs are fertilized and attached to the uterine lining, the hormone is produced.
It is not known how it leads to nausea occurring, nonetheless because they both apex about at the same time it is believed they both have a connection.
- Estrogen Level: This is another hormone that rises fast during the early stages of pregnancy and can contribute greatly to you being nauseous.
- Stress: There is no proof to support this study and theory, it is believed by some researchers that some women are psychologically susceptible to experiencing nausea and vomiting during pregnancy as an unusual way to reacting to stress. It is believed that stress causes physical reaction within your body which makes nausea and vomiting occur.
- Having A Sensitive Stomach: Some women’s stomach are sensitive to changes that occur during the early stages of pregnancy. A sensitive stomach can find it difficult to adapt to these stages leading to nausea and vomiting occurring.
Improved Sense of Smell And Being Sensitive to Odors: When women become pregnant their sense of smell improves and becomes more sensitive.
This is why you could see a pregnant woman react to the smell of a sandwich some blocks away. Apart from this, there are certain aromas that immediately make pregnant women feel like throwing up. Some researchers attribute this to estrogen levels rising higher but they are not really sure about this.
CONDITIONS THAT MAKE IT MORE LIKELY FOR YOU TO EXPERIENCE NAUSEA
You are more likely to experience nausea and vomiting during pregnancy if the followings points below apply to you. They include the following:
- You are pregnant with twins, triplets or more and this may be due to increased levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), estrogen as well as other hormones in your system which can make you have a more severe case of nausea. This is not full proof though as there are women with twins that have a bit of nausea or none at all
- During your previous pregnancy you experienced nausea and vomiting
- Your records reveal you have had a history of migraine headaches
- Your records reveal you have had a history of motion sickness
- Your family history shows that nausea occurs. For instance if your mother and sisters have experienced nausea during their pregnancies there is very much the likely hood you will experience the same
- Carrying a girl could lead to you having severe nausea and vomiting. Studies over time have shown that a lot of women with severe nausea and vomiting in their first trimester usually give birth to a girl
WHEN DOES NAUSEA START DURING PREGNANCY
Nausea normally begins within 4-8 weeks of gestation and is anticipated to decrease around the 14th week but it is worth noting that it can start earlier and last longer. Not all women will experience nausea throughout the first trimester, it could last for some weeks and can be on and off throughout the first few months.
ARE BABIES AFFECTED BY NAUSEA
Nausea that is mild and moderate along with once in a while vomiting will not harm your baby. If you are worried that you are not gaining weight in your first trimester you do not need to worry as it is not a real problem provided you are able to remain hydrated and eat some food without vomiting. On the whole, you will get your appetite back soon and you begin to gain your weight back.
If your nausea and vomiting is so serious that it prevents you from eating a proper diet then you should make sure you are getting the necessary and essential nutrients you require by using prenatal vitamin
Nausea and vomiting that are severe and have lasted for a long time could present a risk of premature birth as well as low birth weight and new born babies who are little considering their age
PREVENTING AND TREATING NAUSEA DURING PREGNANCY
Preventing and treating nausea during pregnancy is linked to how you take care of yourself as well as homemade remedies that can help to provide some measure of relief. If you are experiencing a mild case of nausea and vomiting there are simple measures that may be of help. So as soon as you get pregnant or if you are already pregnant, here are some tips that can provide some relief
- Ensure your stomach is never empty by eating food frequently in small portions along with snacks throughout the day. Eating meals that contain protein and complex carbohydrates could be helpful and should endeavor to eat slowly.
- Once you eat try to avoid lying down as this can make digestion occur slowly
- You can keep snacks like crackers at the side of your bed. When you wake up in the morning you can take a few crackers and allow it to digest before getting out of bed. This makes you feel better after a night of nausea. Also taking your time to get out of bed rather than rushing up or getting up in a hurry can also be helpful.
- Do your best to avoid meals and smells that can set off your nausea. Try to eat meals that are cool or at room temperature as such foods when hot usually have a strong smell that can affect you.
- Try to avoid fatty foods as they take longer to digest. Also try to stay away from foods that are acidic, spicy as well as fried foods as they can upset your digestive system. You can go for foods that are plain such as dry toast and white rice.
- After eating your food brush your teeth and wash out your mouth to ensure no taste of the food that can upset you is left in your mouth
- Try to drink enough fluids between your meals as this helps to reduce the amount of times you vomit. You can get the drink that suits you to provide you with some relief from nausea and vomiting. For example some women find out that drinks that are sour like lemonade go well with them and helps them a lot.
- Also if you are always vomiting you can get a sport drink that has salt, potassium and glucose as this helps in replacing lost fluids and electrolytes
- You should also know that it is not only foods that trigger nausea. There are other triggers to consider such as a room that is stuffy and warm, perfumes with thick smell, lights that flick a lot and much more could trigger your nausea.
- Taking a walk for some time as well as getting some fresh air can help you cope and deal with nausea. When in a room you can open the windows as these can also help. Make sure the rooms are well ventilated and using a fan helps you to breathe easier
- Ensure you create enough time to rest and relax yourself and catch some sleep when you have the chance as being tired can make your nausea worse.
- Try to avoid been stressed up as this can make your nausea worse. Find activities that will prevent you from getting stressed or will help you in relieving your stress. Activities like watching your favorite show on television, listening to music or visiting friends can help out
- Ginger and lemons can help you with nausea. Inhaling the ginger and lemons or drinking ginger ale or lemonade can help reduce the feeling of nausea
- Your prenatal vitamins can be taken with food or just before you go to bed. You can discuss with your health provider on switching to a prenatal vitamin that contains low dosage of iron or no iron at all during the first trimester because iron can upset the digestive system.
WHAT TO DO IF HOME REMEDIES DO NOT GIVE YOU DESIRED RELIEF
A lot of women discover that the natural or home remedies do not help. They may have some relief for some time but generally they still feel uncomfortable and do not have the desired relief they seek. At this stage you can talk to your doctor or health care provider to give you some medication.
There is no need to wait before using medication as your situation could become worse. So talk to your doctor to give you prescription that will help you treat your nausea.
WHAT TO DO IF THE NAUSEA STILL CONTINUES
If you have nausea and vomiting that is so severe to the extent that you find it very had to stop vomiting and keeping your food down including food, water, juice, prenatal vitamins and even your medications then you have to see your doctor.
- If your condition is so severe, your doctor may want to check you into the hospital and commence treatment on you using IV fluids and medications.
- You talk to your doctor or health provider if you are experiencing the following:
- You are losing weight
- By the ninth week you start experiencing nausea and vomiting
- By the fifth month you are experiencing nausea and vomiting
- You develop symptoms of dehydration such as not urinating frequently or your urination is dark in color
- You start having headache, pains in the abdomen, fever and the front of your neck swelling
- You start vomiting blood
- When you stand you feel dizzy
PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH NAUSEA
If your nausea and vomiting is still serious and severe with little or no relief and the treatments above do not help in any way then you need to meet with your doctor and have a discussion on how to improve situation. Having nausea during pregnancy can be normal but sometimes it can be an indication of a major issue which needs to be looked into.
Some of the conditions that could occur from sever nausea include:
- A medical condition known as Hyperemesis Gravidarum which can lead to you losing significant nutrients needed during your pregnancy
- A condition known as Molar Pregnancy occurs when within the uterus an abnormal growth of tissue develops